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Introduction: Round-table conference & The World Cafe  

2009-04-10 01:50:48|  分类: 营销学会维基百科 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 PART 1 - The World Cafe

The World Cafe refers to both a vision and a method of dialogue.

It evolved out of conversations and experimentation one day

at the home of consultants Juanita Brown and David Isaacs.

World Café Conversations are an intentional way to create a living network of conversation around questions that matter. A Café Conversation is a creative process for leading collaborative dialogue, sharing knowledge and creating possibilities for action in groups of all sizes.

The challenges of life in the 21st Century require us to find new ways to access the wisdom and intelligence inherent in groups both small and large. The need for collaboration, insight and coordinated action has never been greater. Café Conversations are one way that communities, businesses, governments, and people from all walks of life are using to create a common purpose, share knowledge, make more intelligent decisions, and call forth life-affirming action together.

The methodology of the World Café is simple: The environment is set up like a café, with tables for four, tablecloths covered by paper tablecloths, flowers, some colored pens and, if possible, candles, quiet music and refreshments. People sit four to a table and have a series of conversational rounds lasting from 20 to 45 minutes about one or more questions which are personally meaningful to them. At the end of each round, one person remains at each table as the host, while each of the other three travel to separate tables. Table hosts welcome newcomers to their tables and share the essence of that table's conversation so far. The newcomers relate any conversational threads which they are carrying -- and then the conversation continues, deepening as the round progresses. At the end of the second round, participants return to their original table -- or move on to other tables for one or more additional rounds -- depending on the design of the Café. In subsequent rounds they may explore a new question or go deeper into the original one. After three or more rounds, the whole group gathers to share and explore emerging themes, insights, and learnings, which are captured on flipcharts or other means for making the collective intelligence of the whole group visible to everyone so they can reflect on what is emerging in the room. At this point the Café may end or it may begin further rounds of conversational exploration and inquiry.

In World Café, the formulation of powerful questions is a fundamental art and skill. Questions like "What's important to you about this situation, and why do you care?" and "What are we not seeing (or talking about) that is vital to our progress?" can open up new possibilities and energy. If you (as planner or host) don't know what question(s) are right for a particular Café, you can ask as a first round question "What question, if answered, could make the greatest difference to the future of the situation we're exploring here?"

The seven design principles of World Café are:

  • Set the context
  • Create hospitable space
  • Explore questions that matter
  • Encourage everyone's contribution
  • Cross-pollinate and connect diverse perspectives
  • Listen together for patterns, insights, and deeper questions
  • Harvest and share collective discoveries

 

Log on:http://www.co-intelligence.org/P-worldcafe.html

 

 

PART 2 - Round-table conference

A round table is one which has no "head" and no "sides", and therefore no one person sitting at it is given a privileged position and all are treated as equals. The idea stems from the Arthurian legend about the Knights of the Round Table in Camelot.

所谓“圆桌会议”,是指一种平等、对话的协商会议形式。是一个与会者围圆桌而坐的会议。在举行国际或国内政治谈判时,为避免席次争执、表示参加各方地位平等起见,参加各方围圆桌而坐,或用方桌但仍摆成圆形

国际会议的实践中,主席和各国代表的席位不分上下尊卑,可避免其他排座方式出现一些代表席位居前、居中,另一些代表居后、居侧的矛盾,更好体现各国平等原则和协商精神。据说,这种会议形式来源于英国亚瑟王的传说。5世纪,英国国王亚瑟在与他的骑士们共商国是时,大家围坐在一张圆形的桌子周围,骑士和君主之间不排位次。圆桌会议由此得名。至今,在英国的温切斯特堡还保留着一张这样的圆桌。关于亚瑟王和圆桌骑士的传说虽然有着各种各样的版本,但圆桌会议的精神则延续下来。第一次世界大战之后,这种形式被国际会议广泛采用。

直到今天“圆桌会议”已成为平等交流、意见开放的代名词,也是国家之间以及国家内部,一种重要的协商和讨论形式。

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